Stalking is stalking whether through the physical environment, digitally assisted or a mixture of both. Stalking is defined as "a constellation of behaviours in which an individual inflicts upon another repeated unwanted intrusions and communications." (Mullen, 1999)
Stalking may escalate to physical assault, sexual assault, and/or even murder. If a person feels that they have experienced two or more occasions of unwanted attention which is unwelcome or intrusive and triggers fear or concern, then it is stalking.
In general, stalkers communicate with the people they are stalking. It is not uncommon for stalkers to target friends and family. This could be in an attempt to 'get' at the victim or in revenge for helping the victim.
In the words of Ann Moulds, Founding CEO of AAS and a victim of stalking herself,
"Stalking is a dangerous and devastating crime that can irrevocably change the lives of victims. It is a crime which has been poorly understood and without doubt, underestimated. It is only now being recognised that the serious manifestations of stalking underpin some of the worst and more serious forms of anti- social behaviours and violent crimes.
The result of stalking carries a high price - life, children, jobs, belongings, safety, and trust. Instructed to relocate and change identities, victims can suffer long lasting psychological, emotional, financial and social effects even long after the stalking has ended."
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